Lecture 1 - Astronomy An Ancient Art

Lecture 1 - Astronomy An Ancient Art - NATURE of the...

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NATURE of the Universe ASTRONOMY 3 1 The center image shows a famous woodcut from Camille Flammarion’s book “ L'Atmosphère: Météorologie Populaire” (Paris, 1888), depicting an early explorer of the skies.
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NATURE of the Universe About myself Astronomy - An Ancient Science • PhD from University of Würzburg , Germany (1996) • PostDoc at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, CA • Faculty at University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI European Southern Observatory , Germany & Chile Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy , Heidelberg, Germany • currently: Adjunct Professor at Dept. for Physics & Astronomy, UCLA Main research areas: Planet and Star Formation , Adaptive Optics 2
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NATURE of the Universe Today’s Topics Astronomy - An Ancient Science • Astronomy - An ancient science • Sky cultures • Modern views Socrates: Shall we add astronomy to the subjects to study? Glaucon: I think so, as an understanding of the seasons and the courses of the months and the years is beneficial to the farmer and the sailor as well as to the general. Socrates: It amuses me to see that you are afraid people might suppose your are recommending useless studies! Plato - The Republic, 400 BCE 3
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NATURE of the Universe Ancient Science Astronomy - An Ancient Science • Time of the day • Timing of the Seasons • Prediction of Lunar and Solar Eclipses • Spiritual, religious, philosophical and cultural relevance Astronomy is an ancient science! People early on started to investigate the regularity of events and learned to predict recurrences: 4 A precise timing of the seasons is crucial for all agricultural societies (crops, harvest). Ocean faring societies require knowledge of the tides and (celestial) navigation.
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NATURE of the Universe Ancient Science Astronomy - An Ancient Science Astronomy and the calendar: all basic elements are derived from astronomical observations! • Length of day
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Lecture 1 - Astronomy An Ancient Art - NATURE of the...

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