Lab 3 - 1 Lab 3 Review Basic Terminology 1 Melody general...

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1 Lab 3: Review Basic Terminology 1. Melody: general term referring to any succession of pitches Riff: short, repeating melodic idea or pattern that generates rhythmic momentum Hook: basic musical or verbal idea that ‘hooks’ the listener’s ear by-step) / by leaps Strophic / through-composed 2. Rhythm: general term referring to temporal aspect of music Tempo: speed of a beat Backbeat / syncopation / rock beat: 1 2 3 4 (four beats per bar / measure, with accent on the 2 nd and 4 th beat) 3. Harmony: simultaneous use of multiple pitches that sound good together Chords: block (notes of chord played all at once) or arpeggiated (notes of chord played successively) Formation of chords (I, IV, V on C major) Chord progression 4. Texture: the way parts of the music relate to each other: thick / heavy; thin / light Monophony: one melodic line, no other support (‘Mass for Christmas Day’)
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Homophony: one melodic line dominates, with some support but not elaboration in the background (‘Home! Sweet Home!’) Polyphony: more than one melodic line making music together (‘Saul’ by Handel) Heterophony: one melodic, with more than one elaboration of the melody sound together (Chinese music, Indonesian Javanese Gamelan, Arabic music) 5. Form: relationship of sections of a piece to the whole, organization of music in time; change in dynamics, instrumentation, texture, lyrical pattern etc. helps to make form apparent e.g. AABA: common in Tin Pan Alley music 6. Instrumentation: instruments used (including the voice) 7. Dynamics: loudness and softness of the music 8. Style / Timbre / Historical / Cultural Background / Others (call-and-response) Chapter 1: Themes and Streams of American Popular Music 1. Critical listening does not just refer to the understanding of music / text but also its background and connection with the culture and society. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 10/13/2008 for the course MUS 307 taught by Professor Heflin during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas.

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Lab 3 - 1 Lab 3 Review Basic Terminology 1 Melody general...

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