05.05 Acids and Bases.rtf

05.05 Acids and Bases.rtf - Valeria Salcedo Physical...

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Valeria Salcedo 7/31/17 Physical Science 05.05 Acids and Bases ACIDS: - Tastes sour - pH less than 7 - Acids effect indicators: 1. Acids turn blue litmus to red 2. Acids turn methyl orange to red - Acids neutralize bases producing a salt and water - Acids react with carbonates to produce a salt, water and CO2 - Acids react with active metals to produce hydrogen - Texture is sticky - The smell of acids frequently burns nose - Examples of acids: * HNO3- nitric acid * HCI- hydrochloric acid (gastric juice) * HC2H3O2- acetic acid (vinegar)
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