Long Paper Assignment- The Education of Cyrus

Long Paper Assignment- The Education of Cyrus - LONG PAPER...

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LONG PAPER ASSIGNMENT: DESPOTISM AND CORRUPTION By Paul Lopez Po041-03/04 Fundamentals Concepts of Politics I Professors Nasser Behnegar and Kenji Hayao November 9, 2007
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Empires do not last forever. The inevitability of political instability makes sure of this. It seemed as if the vast empire obtained by Cyrus the Great was immune to this fact. On the throne was an extremely virtuous man focused entirely on satisfying the people through his leadership skills and overall generosity. Cyrus was a man seen as a father to the people he ruled, quite an accomplishment when one considers the fact that Cyrus ruled virtually alone over such a large number of people. Why, then, did his empire fall so quickly? There are several reasons for the decay of the empire, each as unexpected yet true as the next. Essentially, Cyrus became a despot. He was an authoritative ruler that ended up making all the mistakes that compel humans to show discontent for a ruler, and his empire paid for it. The character of the decay of this empire was corruption. Fortunately for Cyrus, he was able to avoid the brunt of this decay, primarily because the people would never dare appear to possess a lack of virtue, what with their ‘father’ watching over them. But as soon as Cyrus departed the kingship, great corruption spread amongst the people. They became more unjust with regards to money, rounding up many innocent people and “[compelling] them to pay out money without just grounds” (8.8.6). The focus of the government also shifted as this decay began. It became possible, for example, for enemies to roam the land of the Persian Empire without a fight, for the people and rulers were too adverse to both good judgment and hard work. They would no longer go on long marches as a means of using the day for actions and hard labor. Instead, “they eat but once a day: beginning their meal with those who have breakfast as early as possible… until such time as the latest go to bed” (8.8.9). The people became greatly gluttonous as a result of the corruption. They indulged in drink to an extreme extent. They ceased 2
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hunting for exercise. It all hurt the empire greatly.
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Long Paper Assignment- The Education of Cyrus - LONG PAPER...

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