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10.06 notes - Most follow same logic some change in...

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10.05.2006 a. Who’s victimized? Two patterns of violent victimization. a. Age rates per 1000 in age group b. Younger age group generally more victimized (ages 18-28) b. Gender: rates per 1000 age 12+ a. Gender rates for year b. Year 1973: men 68, women 31 c. Year 2004: men 25, women 16 c. Trends in probation, parole, jail, and prison a. Number of people in those categories increased by +247-345% 3. Accounting for the crime drop a. Overview i. Scads of studies ii. Little consensus b. Typical explanatory approach for crime patterns i. If crime has fallen, people must have changed ii. Ex. Hunch: tougher sentences or policing increase deterrence and lower crime iii. Greater perceived penalties leads to less crime iv.
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Unformatted text preview: Most follow same logic: some change in thinking about crime leads to change in crime patterns c. A demographic approach i. Long time pattern: AGE shapes both offending and victimization rates ii. Ex. Homicide offenders by age 1. Age Rate 2. 13 .7 3. 15 6 4. 20 35 5. 25 24 6. 35 8 7. 45 4 8. 55 2 9. 65 1 iii. Changes in population can be consequential 1. Drops in high crime age groups should reduce overall crime 2. Most typically this happens with some slippage 3. Ex. Changes in social structure lead to society wide trends------------------------------------------------------------ABOVE THIS LINE IS ON TEST not this Tuesday but the next tuesday...
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