ANG UNIT 3 REVIEW SEBOLD.docx - Chapter 12: The Congress...

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Chapter 12: The CongressKey TermsApportionment- Allocation of congressional seats based on populationRedistricting- Redrawing the district lines based on population movement within a stateGerrymandering-Redrawing district lines for political advantageStructure of CongressArticle 1 of the Constitution established the Bicameral Congress17thAmendment of the Constitution (1912)- Direct Election of Senators.The House of RepresentativesRepresentatives must be…oAt least 25 years oldoA citizen of the United States for 7 yearsoA citizen of the state they representTerm is 2 yearsMembership is based on population.Elected by the peopleNo term limits.435 members that is reapportioned after every census.The SenateSenators must be…oAt least 30 years oldoA US citizen for 9 yearsoA citizen of the state they representTerm is 6 yearsEqual representation; 2 per stateChosen by State legislators until 17thamendment (1912)No term limits100 membersThe Expressed Powers of CongressLawmakingDeclare WarLevy TaxesRegulate Commerce and CurrencyCongressional Reapportionment and RedistrictingEqual Apportionment has been used to determine the Congressional seat apportionment since 1940Based on Population growth or loss within a state.Wesberry v. Sanders (1964)- Decided “One man, one vote. House districts must be nearly equal size.”
Miller v. Johnson (1995)- SCOTUS ruled that race cannot be a predominant factor in drawing or redrawing district linesReapportionment 2010Most gain: Texas with 4 seats, Florida with 2.Most Loss: New York and Ohio with 2. Others with 1.Leadership PositionsSpeaker of the House. Need majority of the seats in the house.Majority Leaders (both chambers) Need majority of seats in each chamber. Minority Leaders (both chambers) Whips (Each Chamber). Maintains discipline in attendance and voting trendsCommittee SystemTypes of CommitteesoStanding (Legislative authority and permanent status)o

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Term
Spring
Professor
DIALLO
Tags
Government, Gerrymander, President of the United States, United States Congress, national security Council, district lines

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