American National Government Sebold REVIEW UNIT 1.docx -...

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ANG REVIEW UNIT 1Chapter 1Government- the institutions and procedures by which a people is ruledPolitical Efficacy- the amount that the people trusts the government and their belief thatthey can influence and understand political affairsPolitical Apathy- indifference on the part of the citizens with regard to their attitudes toward political activitiesPolitical Trust- a measurement of the citizen’s belief in the institutions which govern them (not just distrust of govt but also media and other political institutions)Functions of the ANG:Form a more perfect unionEstablish JusticeInsure domestic tranquility Provide for the common defensePromote the General WelfareSecure the blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our posterityTrust in GovernmentGovernment trust in the 1960s began around the 75% level but began to decline due to broadcast television, civil rights movement, gender equality movement, Vietnam war, etc. Philosophical Views of the GovtJohn Locke (1632-1704) Natural Rights (God-given, govt’s job to preserve life liberty and pursuit of happiness/propertySocial contract theory- in essence, the govt exists bc we allow it to, in exchange for beinglaw abiding citizens, we get protection. Hand over some power to ensure natural rights, exists because we don’t rebel or leave. Different forms of governmentAutocracy- ruled by one personOligarchy- ruled by a small group such as landowners, merchants, military officersDemocracy- many people Limits on GovernmentConstitutional- Codified, legal procedural limits on what the gov can or can’t doAuthoritarian- Few legal limits, some limits imposed by social groups Totalitarian- no legal limitsCharacteristics of a DemocracyEquality in votingIndividual rights and freedomsEffective participationEnlightened understanding1
Citizen control of the agendaPolicymaking SystemPeople (interests, problems, concerns)Linkage institutions (Parties, elections, media, interest groups)Policy agenda (political issues)Policy making institutions (legislature, executives, courts, bureaucracy)Policy (taxes, expenditures, laws, regulations, nondecisions)People (impacts of policies)Roots of DemocracyMagna Carta 1215Chapter 2Bicameral congress- a two-chambered congress (used to divide power and not have it concentrated in one branch)Expressed Powers- specific powers granted to Congress and the president by the ConstitutionImplied Powers- Inherent powers that are a logical part of the expressed powers delegated to Congress and the PresidentMain Principles of the ConstitutionPopular sovereigntySeparation of powersChecks and BalancesFederalismLimited GovernmentRoad to RevolutionBritish Taxes and Colonial oppressionRedcoats being sent to the Colonies in 1670s or 1680sFrench and Indian War costSugar Act (1764)Stamp Act (1765)

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