ANG Unit 2.docx - ANG Unit 2 Chapter 4 Civil Liberties...

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ANG Unit 2 Chapter 4: Civil Liberties Civil Liberties- Areas of personal freedom constitutionally protected from government interference Judicial Review- power to judge constitutionality of a law or regulation Selective Incorporation- the process of incorporating the states to protect the different protections in the Bill of Rights Rights in the body of the Constitution Writ Habeas Corpus- laws shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion of the public (suspending your rights) Ex Post Facto Laws- Such laws that may make an action a crime that was not a crime when it was committed. Cannot arrest someone for something that was not illegal last week. Bill of attainder is a legislative action that punishes an individual or group without a trial. This is illegal. The Bill of Rights 1 st - guarantees freedom of speech, press, assembly, petition, and prevents Congress from establishing a religion. 2 nd - Allows the right to bear arms 3 rd - Prohibits quartering of soldiers 4 th -restricts search and seizure o Need a warrant, justifiable excuse, or consent 5 th - Provides for grand juries, restricts eminent domain and prohibits forced self- incrimination and double jeopardy 6 th – outlines criminal procedures including right to defense in criminal trials 7th- trial by jury in a civil case 8 th - prevent excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment 9th- allows that 1-8 don’t include all possible rights 10 th - Reserves for the states and powers not delegated to the national government
Nationalizing the Bill of Rights In Barron v. Baltimore (1833), SCOTUS upheld the decision that the bill of rights only applied to the federal government. The 14 th Amendment The 14 th amendment protects against violation of rights by the state. o No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the Privileges and Immunities of citizens of the US o Nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without the Due Process of Law, nor deny to any person the Equal Protection of the laws.

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