American National Government Sebold UNIT 2 REVIEW.docx -...

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STUDY GUIDE ANG UNIT 2 CHAPTER FOUR- CIVIL LIBERTIES Key Terms Civil Liberties- Areas of personal freedom constitutionally protected from government interference Judicial Review- power to judge constitutionality of a law or regulation Selective Incorporation- the process of incorporating the states to protect the different protections in the Bill of Rights Clear and Present Danger- If your life or body is in physical danger at the time Exclusionary Rule- Evidence obtained illegally is not admissible in a court of law Rights in the Body of the Constitution Writ of Habeas Corpus- Laws shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion of the public (suspension of rights) Ex Post Facto Laws- Such laws that may make an action a crime that was not a crime when it was committed. Cannot arrest someone for something that was made illegal after the act. Bill of Attainder- a legislative action that punishes an individual or group without a trial. This is ILLEGAL. The Bill of Rights 1. Guarantees freedom of speech, press, assembly, petition, and prevents congress from establishing a religion. 2. Grants the right to bear arms. 3. Prohibits the quartering of soldiers. 4. Restricts search and seizure a. Need a warrant, justifiable excuse, or consent. 5. Provides for grand juries, restricts eminent domain and prohibits forced self- incrimination and double jeopardy 6. Outlines criminal procedures including right to defense in criminal trials 7. Trial by jury in civil cases. 8. Prevents excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment 9. Allows that 1-8A don’t include all possible rights. 10. Reserves for the states powers not delegated to the national government. Civil Liberties Around the World Countries like Sweden, Canada and Germany have the highest amount of civil liberties in the world while countries like India, Mexico and Russia has the least amount. Freedom of association and organization is typically the least given liberty. Barron v. Baltimore, 1833 SCOTUS upheld the decision that the Bill of Rights only applied to the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. The 14 th amendment and the nationalization of the Bill of Rights Protects against violation of rights by the state.
o No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the Privileges and Immunities of US Citizens.

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