History 121 Midterm Study Guide #1.docx

History 121 Midterm Study Guide #1.docx - History 120...

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History 120 Midterm Exam Study Guide Spring 2017 Leikin The exam will consist of one essay selected by me from the list below. 1. In 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion and King Philip’s War upended life in the Chesapeake area and Massachusetts respectively. Compare and contrast the development (through the 1670s) of English settlement in those two areas and discuss how they both resulted in upheaval and war at the same time. Be sure to take into account religion, politics, economic life, and Indian relations. Massachusetts o High wages did not attract enough workers to keep up with the rapidly expanding colonial economics o Europeans forced the Indians to work for them But there were never enough laborers to meet the unceasing demand Captive Indians often escaped or were so rebellious that their use as slaves were banned in several colonies o The Massachusetts legislature outlawed forced labor because the Indians displayed “a malicious, surly and revengeful spirit; ruse and insolent in their behavior, and very ungovernable” Chesapeake pg. 343-44, 363 o The Virginia Company lures new investors and attracts new settlers with the promise of free land after seven years of labor With no gold or silver in Virginia, the company in effect has given up hope of prospering except through the sale of land Rises in value as the colony grows o The stream of new settlers and indentured servants coming into Virginia exerted constant pressure on the indigenous lands and produced unwanted economic effects and social unrest o Maryland Prospered faster than Virginia Grew tobacco Long coastline gave planters easy access to shipping Bacon’s Rebellion pg. 64-65, 105 o William Berkeley, domineering colonial governor Catered to the wealthiest planters and despised commoners
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o With little nearby land, newly freed indentured servants were forced to migrate westward in their quests for farms Their lust for land led them to displace the Indians Governor Berkeley failed to support the aspiring farmers in their conflict with Indians The farmers in turn rebelled o The discontent turned into violence in 1675 when a squabble between a white planter and indigenous people led to the murder of the planter’s herdsman In turn, retaliation by frontier militiamen, who killed two dozen Indians o The violence spread A force of Virginia and Maryland militiamen murdered five indigenous chieftains who had sought to negotiate The Indians took their revenge on the frontier settlements by scattered attacks southward to the James River, where Nathaniel Bacon’s overseer was killed.
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