SBI4U 9.2 Hormonal Regulation of Growth, Development, and Metabolism.pdf - Pituitary and Thyroid Glands Hormones secreted from the pituitary gland are

SBI4U 9.2 Hormonal Regulation of Growth, Development, and Metabolism.pdf

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8/25/16 1 Section 9.2 (pg. 396 – 403) Hormonal Regulation of Growth, Development, and Metabolism Pituitary and Thyroid Glands Hormones secreted from the pituitary gland are mainly involved in growth and development. Hormones secreted from the thyroid gland are mainly involved in regulating metabolic rate, although some hormones are involved in growth and development. The Pituitary Gland § the pituitary gland has two lobes: § posterior pituitary § anterior pituitary § it’s about the size of a pea (1 cm) § located below the hypothalamus at the base of the brain. Recall that secretion of hormones from the pituitary gland is regulated by the hypothalamus. Continued… The Pituitary Gland The posterior pituitary gland is part of the nervous system. It stores and secretes the hormones antidiuretic hormone (ADH) and oxytocin, which are produced in the hypothalamus. Continued… The Pituitary Gland The anterior pituitary gland produces and secretes six major hormones. Human Growth Hormone (hGH) § Human growth hormone (hGH) affects almost every body tissue § Growth factors from the liver and hGH: increase amino acid uptake by cells and protein synthesis stimulate cells to grow and divide increase fat metabolism (breakdown
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