ANP 300 - Lecture 4 - Axial Skeleton

ANP 300 - Lecture 4 - Axial Skeleton - Vertebral Column...

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AXIAL SKELETON
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AXIAL SKELETON
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AXIAL SKELETON - Skull - cranium - mandible - teeth - Vertebral column - cervical - thoracic - lumbar - sacrum - coccyx - Thoracic Cage - ribs - costal cartilages - sternum
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AXIAL SKELETON - Skull - cranium - cranial nerves - mandible - teeth - Vertebral column - cervical - spinal nerves - thoracic - spinal nerves - lumbar - spinal nerves - sacrum - spinal nerves - coccyx - spinal nerves - Thoracic Cage - ribs - costal cartilages - sternum
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AXIAL SKELETON - Skull - cranium - mandible calvarium face
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AXIAL SKELETON - Skull - cranium - cranial nerves - mandible - teeth - Vertebral column - cervical - spinal nerves - thoracic - spinal nerves - lumbar - spinal nerves - sacrum - spinal nerves - coccyx - spinal nerves - Thoracic Cage - ribs - costal cartilages - sternum
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Segmental Body Plan Dermatome – area of skin supplied by one spinal nerve (sensory) Myotome - muscles supplied by one spinal nerve (sensory & motor)
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Vertebral Column - cervical - thoracic - lumbar - sacrum - coccyx
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Intervertebral discs
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Unformatted text preview: Vertebral Column Curvatures Kyphosis Lordosis Vertebral Column- cervical- thoracic- lumbar- sacrum- coccyx Vertebral Column- cervical- thoracic- lumbar- sacrum- coccyx All have homologous structure Vertebral Structure Cervical Vertebrae (n = 7) Thoracic Vertebrae (n = 12) Lumbar Vertebrae (n = 5) Sacrum (n = 5) & Coccyx (n = 4) AXIAL SKELETON- Skull- cranium - cranial nerves- mandible- teeth- Vertebral column- cervical- spinal nerves- thoracic- spinal nerves- lumbar- spinal nerves- sacrum- spinal nerves- coccyx- spinal nerves- Thoracic Cage- ribs- costal cartilages- sternum Ribs Ribs Adam & Eve Lucas Cranach the Elder c. 1550 ♀ = 12 ♂ = 12 Costal cartilages Costal cartilages & Ribs 1 – 7 “true” 8 – 10 “false” Costal cartilages & Ribs 1 – 7 “true” 8 – 10 “false” 11 – 12 “floating” Sternum Manubrium Sternal Body Xiphoid Process Sternum Manubrium Sternoclavicular joint...
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