Badminton.docx - Badminton is a racquet sport played using...

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Badminton is a racquet sport played usingracquetsto hit ashuttlecockacross anet.Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are"singles" (with one player per side) and "doubles" (with two players per side). Badmintonis often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games areplayed on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock withthe racquet and landing it within the opposing side's half of the court.Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. Play endsonce the shuttlecock has struck the floor or if a fault has been called by the umpire,service judge, or (in their absence) the opposing side.[1]The shuttlecock is a feathered or (in informal matches) plastic projectile which fliesdifferently from the balls used in many other sports. In particular, the feathers createmuch higherdrag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly. Shuttlecocks alsohave a high top speed compared to the balls in other racquet sports.The game developed inBritish Indiafrom the earlier game ofbattledore andshuttlecock. European play came to be dominated byDenmarkbut the game hasbecome very popular in Asia, with recent competition dominated byChina. Since 1992,badminton has been aSummer Olympic sportwithfive events: men's singles, women'ssingles, men's doubles, women's doubles, and mixed doubles. At high levels of play, thesport demands excellent fitness: players requireaerobic stamina,agility, strength,speed, and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring goodmotor coordinationandthe development of sophisticated racquet movements.Games employingshuttlecockshave been played for centuries acrossEurasia[a]but themodern game of badminton developed in the mid-19th century among theBritishas avariant of the earlier game ofbattledore and shuttlecock. ("Battledore" was an olderterm for "racquet".)[3]Its exact origin remains obscure. The name derives from theDuke
of Beaufort'sBadminton HouseinGloucestershire,[4]but why or when remains unclear.As early as 1860, a London toy dealer namedIsaac Sprattpublished a booklettitled Badminton Battledore—A New Game but unfortunately no copy has survived.[5]An1863 article in The Cornhill Magazine describes badminton as "battledore andshuttlecock played with sides, across a string suspended some five feet from theground".[6]The game may have originally developed among expatriate officers inBritish India,[7]where it was very popular by the 1870s.[5]Ball badminton, a form of the game playedwith a wool ball instead of a shuttlecock, was being played inThanjavuras early as the1850s[8]and was at first played interchangeably with badminton by the British, the

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