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Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide - 1 Differences between the Chinese and...

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1. Differences between the Chinese and Japanese images or stereotypes that were shown in the TV episodes in class a. Chinese: i. “Misunderstanding China: evil, sneaky, underhanded, torture methods ii. Simpson’s: one child policy iii. Simpson’s: dragon by the plane, knock at culture iv. Communist: government is always watchin b. Japan: i. Anti-American and imperialistic ii. Take control of US iii. Simple minded, entertained by flashy or popular things iv. Accept humiliation of other people struggle as entertainment v. Shows insensitive culture vi. Technologically advanced vii. Japanese culture is more one focused on being a follower not a leader 2. The Soviet Model and the Maoist Model of Development (from Ogden) a. Soviet Model-Favored capital intensive industrialization. i. During the 1950s, China, guided by a large number of Soviet advisers, followed the Soviet model of development, with its emphasis on heavy industry funded by surpluses extracted from the peasantry, while making consumer goods a secondary priority. By the late 1950s, however, Mao had begun to develop new ideas about how China should advance directly to Communism in the Marxist sense of the word) through a mobilization of China's massive labor force. These ideas led to the Great Leap Forward . b. The CCP followed this model in the beginning c. Maoist model- Mao Zedong proposed a Chinese model of development known as the “Maoist Model,” which took account at China’s low level of development, poverty, and large population. d. The Great Leap Forward was his model of development. e. It was a scheme to rapidly accelerate the pace of industrialization. The Maoist Model got rid of any trace of capitalism and tried to increase industrial production at the same time by converting all of the countryside into communes and creating longer work days. It was a rejection of the Soviet Model, and it called for “continuous revolution. 3. Feudalism in Japan a. Closed social classes (Japan) b. Well-defined hierarchy of power holders c. Every individual is responsible to a person above him d. Distribution of goods and services is determined by your rank e. Identification with each individual as responsible to some other individual above him and related to others not in their hierarchical line because of hie superior relationships. (If A and B rule C and D but A and B are enemies, C and D are too)
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f. Property was distributed based on rank g. Levy: internal structures of Japan and China contributed to modernization. Feudalism in Japan made it so merchants could never own land so they were forced to reinvest their money back into their business which in turn made it stronger. The changes in industry (industrialization/modernization) came through merchants and their business.
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