Philo Midterm Study Guide

Philo Midterm Study Guide - Plato:ArtasImitation (p.1325) o

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Plato: Art as Imitation (p. 13-25) o Plato claims that artists are imitators. How does he justify this claim? An artist is an “imitator of what others make” (p. 17) Artists projects are third from the natural Natural product Craftspeople make product Artist imitates craftsperson’s product Artists don’t make things as they truly are, a god made one form of an object all other forms of the same object are replicas of the ideal Unless artists are copying the first generation of the form, then craftsmen are superior o Why does Plato think artists inferior to craftspeople? Because artists imitate the product of craftspeople Craftsmen are in the first stage of copying, artists copy a copy (they are in the 2 nd stage of copying) So, craftsmen are superior to artists o Homer, the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey , was revered by the Greeks as their great teacher, yet Socrates argues that Homer misunderstands virtue. What is the significance of this claim, and how does Socrates justify it? He says Homer imitates images of virtue and all other things he wrote about, but really has no grasp of the truth. Like an artist, a poetic imitator uses words and phrases to paint colored pictures of each of the crafts. This is significant because Socrates is not only trying to discredit Homer, but the entire tradition of poetry as being accurate accounts of truth and history. Socrates doesn’t like metaphors o Why does Plato have Socrates banish artists from his ideal city? Do you see analogies between his position and those of contemporary politicians? What objections, if any, do you have of Plato’s view? Art objects play to the emotions and therefore do not promote a proper understanding of the world Literature (poetry) appeals to people’s immoral, more irrational side The arts are to be banished so that the attitudes and actions of the citizens will not be tainted by inappropriate influences o Can you offer any counterexamples to Plato’s theory of art as imitation of everyday reality? Think about developments in modern art and whether they fit this conception. Are there ways Plato’s theory could be modified to handle and of these counterexamples? Explain. Artists like Jackson Pollock do not imitate anything in everyday reality. o Plato clearly advocates restricting people’s access to artistic creations. Are there ever situations in which some such restrictions are legitimate? What about works that contain violence? Sex? Explain. Aristotle: Art as Cognition (p. 26-39) o How convincing do you find Aristotle’s attempt to provide an account of our interest
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in art? Is our pleasure in art always cognitive? Why or why not? Men take pleasure in mimetic objects
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Philo Midterm Study Guide - Plato:ArtasImitation (p.1325) o

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