Running head: ATHEROSCLEROSIS HANDOUT 1 Atherosclerosis Handout Ekaete Oyeka Walden University Transforming Nursing & Healthcare Through Information Technology NURS-6051-22 May 12, 2017 Atherosclerosis Handout
ATHEROSCLEROSIS HANDOUT 2 Atherosclerosis is one of the most common diseases that have a considerable effect on the modern society. It develops gradually, initially being asymptomatic, and often leads to the development of complications, disability, and even death. The mortality rate of disorders that stem from atherosclerosis (e.g. coronary heart disease) is among the highest in the world, reaching 800 cases per 100,000 people (Wang & Patterson, 2015). At the same time, this health issue can be addressed through the implementation of a set of preventive measures, especially the ones taken by the population. However, without the comprehensive information on the problem, the effect of such activity is likely to be minuscule. Therefore, it is imperative that the people are aware of the dangers presented by this health issue, risk factors, and the ways of their mitigation. Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the blood vessels, with cholesterol accumulating on their inner walls and the latter becoming compacted and losing their elasticity. In turn, they become narrower, which hinders the blood supply to the various organs of the human body. In the end, the vessel can be obstructed completely, leading to thrombosis and ischemic damage to an organ (Grundy, 2011). The disorder can be caused by numerous factors, making it possible to identify several risk groups. The first of them is related to the patient’s gender, with men being more likely to develop atherosclerosis than women. In them, the first signs of this disease can manifest themselves at the age of 45 and even earlier, while in women they occur much later (Wang & Patterson, 2015). In turn, age can also be considered a natural risk factor. Next, one can point out heredity as the cause of the disorder. Atherosclerosis is a multicausal illness, meaning that the hormonal level, genetic dyslipidemia (violation of plasma’s lipid profile), and the activity of the immune system play a significant role in speeding up or
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