clinical psych - midterm 1 study guide

clinical psych - midterm 1 study guide - Clinical Psych...

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Clinical Psych – Midterm 1 Chapters 1-10 Requirements to become a clinical psychologist: -graduate school -thesis/dissertation -PhD or PsyD degree -PhD: scientist-practitioner model; Boulder model -skills as psychological researchers and practicing psychologists -PsyD: practitioner-oriented model -little emphasis on clinical research -skills in psychological assessment and intervention -one year clinical internship -one year supervised post-doctoral training -post-doctoral fellowship for specialized training -state licensing exam Roles of a clinical psychologist: -research- mostly carried out or supervised by faculty members in universities; some is conducted by clinical psychologists working in applied settings (hospitals, clinics) -gain scientific knowledge about disorders -teaching- undergraduate, graduate, clinical supervision - assessment - includes administration and interpretation of standardized psychological tests, use of structured clinical interviews, systematic observation of a client’s behavior, examination of the settings or environments in which individual functions day-to-day - treatment - may be conducted w/ individuals or w/ couples, families, groups of individuals w/ similar problems -talk therapy - prevention - less time and effort devoted to prevention that to treatment -programs include teaching social skills to school-age children, teaching adults ways to cope w/ various stresses (work, marital), teaching patients w/ physical illness how to cope w/ their disease - consultation - hired by organizations to advise staff -advice given to other professionals - administration - directors of programs/departments 4 tasks central to how clinical psychologists think about people and problems: - description - find out about a person -accurate understanding of an individual begins w/ description of person and contexts in which he/she lives -researchers also faced w/ same initial need for description - explanation - can explain nature of the problem -based on descriptions -includes development and testing of models of etiology or cause -including but not limited to use of experimental methods to test causality -involves generation of hypotheses that can be tested
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-requires clinical psychologist to avoid temptation to latch onto easy explanations - prediction - predict what will happen -in research, tested in 2 ways: -longitudinal studies of the course of problems as they occur in real life -experimental studies or hypotheses under controlled circumstances -goal: to try to identify cause-and-effect relationships regarding clinical problems - change - can produce change in people -develop and carry out planned and controlled interventions for treatment/prevention of psychopathology, for coping w/ and prevention of some forms of physical illness, and for promotion of psychological and physical health -committed to developing set of principles to understand how/why people change History of clinical psychology: -2 reasons why field came into being: -need to provide care and services for individuals w/ psychological problems
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clinical psych - midterm 1 study guide - Clinical Psych...

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