final study guide

Final study guide - Chinese Written Language-Oracle Bone Script earliest Chinese writing that we know of-discovered on what were bones of sheep and

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Chinese Written Language : -Oracle Bone Script – earliest Chinese writing that we know of -discovered on what were bones of sheep and oxen and shells of tortoise -used by oracles (fortune tellers) who recorded their communications in these writings by etching them into bones -dates back to 14 th century BC and Shang Yin dynasty – people in this dynasty were very religious; their writing was used for religious purposes -Bronze Inscription – 12 th century BC -used for sacrificial services or gifts -Seal Script – 3 rd century BC -carving personal seals – into a flat surface in reverse, dipped into ink, and printed on a flat surface such as wood, silk, bamboo, etc. -seals are safer than signatures (harder to forge) -Modern Style – 2 nd -3 rd century BC *each graph in Chinese written language is called a character, not a letter *3 important types of characters: -pictograph – writing in pictures; representing something w/ an illustration -ideograph – idea or concept that can be represented graphically -combination of sound and sense – first brush w/ Chinese spoken language *characters are unifying the Chinese people b/c they travel so well btw dialects *Japanese borrowed from Chinese written language Early Korea : (Haran heroic figure?!?) Foundations of the Chinese Empire : -roots of Chinese empire are in philosophy of legalism -securing the survival of the individual through the survival of the group through unified rule and strict legislation to eradicate laziness -all laws and authority come from one leader -China’s first empire – King of Chin 1 st emperor/ruler (Di) -legalist in nature, structure, and philosophy -did away w/ feudalism – previous nobility stripped of titles of power and wealth -Chin unified everything – people, weights, measures, coinage -characteristics of early Chinese empire: -people knew what they had to and did not have to do and what would happen to them if they did or did not do it -responsibility to report your own family members -extensive police surveillance -people forbidden to group together in public -an order to show up at a certain place or time is not just an order but a law -Chen She – could not show up on time because of the rain -rose up in a rebellion against Chin empire – after death of first emperor (weakness in the empire) -eventually killed but had support to carry out fall of Chin -2 followers: -Xiang Yu – supreme ruler of all of China; & Liu Bang
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-Xiang Yu thought it would be enough to make Liu Bang King of the Han River -Liu Bang – ambitious
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2008 for the course EALC 110 taught by Professor Hayden during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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Final study guide - Chinese Written Language-Oracle Bone Script earliest Chinese writing that we know of-discovered on what were bones of sheep and

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