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Unformatted text preview: Week 11: Cultural Issues in Technology: Censorship and Decency on the Net Censorship, (In)decency, and the CDA 06/12/2007 21:40:00 ← Readings: Platt, “NetSex,” EFF Press Release, White House Press Release, Software Publisher’s Press release, Supreme Court Ruling. ← ← Net Regulation • The Great Internet Porn Scare of 1995 (Rimm Study) o Rimm Study Martin Rimm’s study got a lot of attention because it claimed that 80% of everything found on the internet was pornographic. In 1992-3, people are getting a lot of access to the internet and suddenly this study comes out which says that everything on the net is porn. Fascinating = got published in Georgetown law review, but condition was that it couldn’t be peer- reviewed. This was done 1994-5 by a Carnegie Mellon researched.-Problems with it: Rimm was an undergraduate, so this was just his term paper; the goal of this was to better help pornographers market pornographers. The finding that 80% of information was porn was a very restrictive study because the only sites he looked at were porn sites. Actual finding was that 80% of information on porn websites was actually pornographic. Looked at 900,000 things. –Methodologically there was a lot of problems with it, which was really Congress’s fault for catching on to it. o Time Cover (and a Critique of the Time article) o Critique of the Rimm Study • What is Censorships? Government steps in and makes prohibitions about what can and can’t be said. There are certain things that are obscene and definitely illegal: Ex. of a clear case is child pornography. o What and Who Can be Censored? • What is Regulation? Government steps in and says that there are things that can or can’t be said based on place, time, content, etc. For ex. there are certain things that can only be seen by people over the age of 18. In order to make society run smoothly, we need to have certain restrictions (broadcasts, drinking age, etc.) o What and Who Can be Regulated? ← Do regulatory laws have the effect of censoring someone? There is a gray area where censorship might appear behind regulations. ← Software Solutions: There were a number of companies that created filtering software. It was interesting because they ended up creating a set of blocking filters, which actually had interesting set of issues in terms of regulation and censorship. ←-found very quickly that software solutions were going to be imperfect (net is just too big) and easy to get around ←-ex. of problem: website giving scholarships to minorities was banned, but KKK website was not • The CyberNOT list • CyberNOT search Engine • AOL’s Bad Word List: AOL created a network of users to go around the chat rooms and monitor users; if you were a monitor you got free service. AOL gave these monitors a guide for knowing what was vulgar. AOL also went through emails....
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2008 for the course COMM 202 taught by Professor Thomas during the Fall '06 term at USC.
- Fall '06
- Uncle Tom's Cabin