Roman Rhetoric Midterm Review

Roman Rhetoric Midterm Review - Roman Rhetoric Midterm...

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Roman Rhetoric Midterm Review Drew on written tradition went back to Plato & Aristotle Roman theorists studied rhetoric as technical scheme for producing effective public speeches Romans had to know how to speak effectively in order to make a way in Roman Cicero Wrote De Oratore -composed in conversation, style like Plato, transcendent Crassus = Intellect & Antonious = Ethics, Aesthetics (each believe their approach was the best) he tried to develop philosophical concept of the subject Recur Thru Roman Rhetoric 5 canons : 1. Invention (of topoi)- discovery of valid or apparently valid lines of argument ex .should we legalize marijuana -> helps anxiety, helps cancer patients appetite 2. Disposition- finding means to distribute arguments in “proper order,” arrangement 3. Elocution- language choice, finding appropriate words & fitting them to invented material (pick right words that fit) 4. Delivery- finding appropriate expressions of voice & gesture & fitting them to the arguments ex. memorize their performance, set performance no variation 5. Memory- lost canon , finding appropriate means for memorizing or remembering one’s argument (Romans and Greeks not literate, not taught to read but memorize) Three Styles of Oratory: 1. Low- unornamented, calm, reason-giving ex. relaxed, most people wrote in era of Rome this style need to master 2. Middle -ornamented drawing emphasis to key points/ideas ex. moving around, using to empress audience, if over use ornamentation people think you have nothing to say 3. Grand - not necessarily more (or particular) ornamented at all but larger, fuller, transcendent , climatic ex. Winston Churchill important comm. In 20 th century, straight forward, factual info/detailing, burst & jump into transcendent style Key Facts : Because he was lawyer focused on forensic rhetoric De Inventione: Long text book, first series of volumes covering 5 canons, more teaching than philosophical, explains various lines of argument Stasis System in De Invetione: allows us to examine diff. arguments in court Offers systematic way to think thru key issues that occur in forensic rhetoric Stasis- dashing point or stopping point, the point @ which disagreement occurs, point of clash, key issues (?s have to be answered & where disagreements might occur in argument) Issues in Stasis -issues recur in every legal proceeding & must be resolved to resolve case
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1. Issues of fact -what happened 2. Issues definition- what words we use to describe what happened, murder? Self-defense? 3. Issues of quality- what was severity of act, passion killing? 4.
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This note was uploaded on 10/14/2008 for the course COMM 201 taught by Professor Durbin during the Fall '06 term at USC.

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Roman Rhetoric Midterm Review - Roman Rhetoric Midterm...

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