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Lecture 5 - Lecture The Industrial Revolution 2 important...

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Lecture 4/15/08 The Industrial Revolution 2 important elements of the Industrial Revolution - Energy: transition from organic energy to mineral energy - organization of industrial production: factory system Is it a revolution? - slow process. No clear beginning, no clear end - First appeared in Britain in mid-18thcentury, became apparent in 1780s, but many kinds of manufacturing underwent no significant change until mid-19thcentury. - Did not end in 1850s; sustained economic growth continued. - Clearly a revolution—brought about fundamental transformations in productive process, social structure, politics, and human consciousness. - Most important change in human history since the Neolithic revolution or agricultural revolution Impact of the Industrial Revolution - creates big gap in gdp; determine relationship of w. Europe w/ rest of world Transition from organic energy to mineral energy - Until 18 th century, lack of power lay at the heart of poverty. - Britain switched from wood to coal - From organic to mineral source of energy - Coal produced by one miner generated as much as energy as 20 horses.
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