Chapter 12 Notes

Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Basic Approaches to...

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Chapter 12 – Basic Approaches to Leadership What is Leadership? - Good management brings about order and consistency in the following ways: - drawing up formal plans - designing rigid organization structures - monitoring results against the plans - Leadership is about coping with change - Leaders establish direction by developing a vision of the future - Leadership is defined as the ability to influence a group toward the achievement of a vision or set of goals - Leaders emerge from within a group as well as by formal appointment - Strong leadership and strong management is needed for optimal effectiveness Trait Theories - Trait theories of leadership differentiate leaders from non-leaders by focusing on personal qualities and characteristics - Charismatic, enthusiastic, and courageous are words used to describe leaders - Traits are often organized around the Big Five personality framework - Traits are good predictors of leadership - Extraversion of the most important trait of effective leaders/ more strongly related to leader emergence than to leader effectiveness - Conscientiousness and openness to experience are strongly related to leadership - Emotional intelligence is indicative of effective leadership - Core component is empathy - Empathetic leaders can sense others’ needs, listen to what followers say, and are able to read the reactions of others - Two conclusions - Traits can predict leadership - Traits do a better job at predicting the emergence of leaders and the appearance of leadership than in actually distinguishing between effective and ineffective leaders Behavioral Theories - Behavioral theories of leadership propose that specific behaviors differentiate leaders from non-leaders - Trait theories assume leaders are born rather than made - If there were specific behaviors that identified leaders, then we could teach leadership - Ohio State Studies - Sought to identify independent dimensions of leader behavior - Two categories that account for most of the leadership behavior described by employees - Initiating structure refers to the extent to which a leader is likely to define and structure his or her role and those of employees in the search for goal attainment
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-Includes behavior that attempts to organize work, work relationships, and goals - Leader who is high in initiating structure would be characterized as someone who - Assigns group members to particular tasks - Expects workers to maintain definite standards of performance - Emphasizes the meeting of deadlines - Consideration is described as the extent to which a person is likely to have job relationships that are characterized by mutual trust, respect for employees’ ideas, and regard for their feelings - Shows concern for followers’ comfort, well-being, status, and satisfaction - Leader who is high in consideration would be described as someone who - Helps employees with personal problems - Is friendly and approachable - Treats all employees as equals - Both initiating structure and consideration are associated with effective leadership
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This note was uploaded on 10/15/2008 for the course BUAD 204 taught by Professor Combs during the Fall '08 term at USC.

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Chapter 12 Notes - Chapter 12 Basic Approaches to...

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