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History 177 midterm 2 review2ndmidterm reviews1850-1930’s1.California Gold Rush’2. Statehood3. Nevada Mines4.Early Transportation and the 1sttranscontinental railroad5. Salton sea6.LA Aqueduct7.Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct8.San Pedro HarborInclude history, significance, and importance to California’s growth from statehood in the early 1900’sWilliam Hammond Hall-Owned land at an alternate site(Chap. 6 Davis)Caroline Marie Seymour Severance (Ch., 7 Davis)-One of the 1stfeminist activists in Los Angeles and starting clubs that wouldhelp give women the right to vote-Women in the west tended to be more independent.She was the intitial founder of the new England women’s club.She stood for most of the values of the progressive era, including suffrage, peace, purity, and municipal and school reform.California Gold Rush’Theme: the state of CA’s phenomenal economic & population growth due to big events (gold rush) and infrastructure up to the early 20thcentury CA rancho economy after Mexican cessionoRural and bucolic; no industry John Sutter – setup a business along the American River in the Sacramento area, built a ranch and forth/ was born in Switzerland
oTook on James Marshall as a business partner (he was a bear flagger) oThe two were setting up a saw mill (lumber) along a tributary on the American River in Coloma, CA called “Sutter’s mill”; discovered 23kt gold in the riveroThey wanted to keep news quiet, thought the gold was a fluke, men started digging for gold in the Sierra foothills, news spreadoDid not believe Gold was really discoveredMarshall + Sutter thought gold discovery would ruin their saw mill Sam Brannan – bought up gold dust and land near Sutter’s, filled bottle with gold dustoMay 12, 1848: Brannan travelled to SF (Also known as Yerba Buena) shouted “Gold from the American River” inciting the gold rush Gold Rush: thousands went to Sierra foothills to Sutter and Brannan’s landsBrannan opened a general store selling supplies, made $5,000 a day, opened a bank ended up pennilessPeople abandoned their homes to pan for goldsghost towns resultedIdea of striking it rich inspired moves to the West First miners (48ers) were already in the West, 6 month lead Sutter & Marshall tried to charge of mining on their land but went broke Multiethnic group of miners 48ers: low competition and lots of gold in riverbeds oTook 10 million in gold out of rivers oEnd of 1848 6,000 miners 49ers: wave from East coast & abroad; Europeans sailed to CA Faster to cross the Panama isthmis (save 9,000 miles) 4000 ships rotting in SF bay while miners from abroad panned for gold; 25,000 came by boat Cholera from water due to human waste in water from wagon trainsthousands died Death Valley: many miners died trying this shortcut to CA; got lost
Feather River region: north of Motherland, 2ndgold rush falls3rdtrinity- Shasta Area (there were 3 waves of gold in 3 different regions) o100,000 people came overland in 1849o