History 177 midterm 2 review.docx - History 177 midterm 2 review 2nd midterm reviews 1850-1930s 1.California Gold Rush 2 Statehood 3 Nevada Mines

History 177 midterm 2 review.docx - History 177 midterm 2...

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History 177 midterm 2 review 2 nd midterm reviews 1850-1930’s 1.California Gold Rush’ 2. Statehood 3. Nevada Mines 4.Early Transportation and the 1 st transcontinental railroad 5. Salton sea 6.LA Aqueduct 7.Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct 8.San Pedro Harbor Include history, significance, and importance to California’s growth from statehood in the early 1900’s William Hammond Hall -Owned land at an alternate site (Chap. 6 Davis) Caroline Marie Seymour Severance (Ch., 7 Davis) -One of the 1 st feminist activists in Los Angeles and starting clubs that would help give women the right to vote -Women in the west tended to be more independent. She was the intitial founder of the new England women’s club. She stood for most of the values of the progressive era, including suffrage, peace, purity, and municipal and school reform. California Gold Rush’ Theme: the state of CA’s phenomenal economic & population growth due to big events (gold rush) and infrastructure up to the early 20 th century CA rancho economy after Mexican cession o Rural and bucolic; no industry John Sutter – setup a business along the American River in the Sacramento area, built a ranch and forth/ was born in Switzerland
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o Took on James Marshall as a business partner (he was a bear flagger) o The two were setting up a saw mill (lumber) along a tributary on the American River in Coloma, CA called “Sutter’s mill”; discovered 23kt gold in the river o They wanted to keep news quiet, thought the gold was a fluke, men started digging for gold in the Sierra foothills, news spread o Did not believe Gold was really discovered Marshall + Sutter thought gold discovery would ruin their saw mill Sam Brannan – bought up gold dust and land near Sutter’s, filled bottle with gold dust o May 12, 1848: Brannan travelled to SF (Also known as Yerba Buena) shouted “Gold from the American River” inciting the gold rush Gold Rush: thousands went to Sierra foothills to Sutter and Brannan’s lands Brannan opened a general store selling supplies, made $5,000 a day, opened a bank ended up penniless People abandoned their homes to pan for golds ghost towns resulted Idea of striking it rich inspired moves to the West First miners (48ers) were already in the West, 6 month lead Sutter & Marshall tried to charge of mining on their land but went broke Multiethnic group of miners 48ers: low competition and lots of gold in riverbeds o Took 10 million in gold out of rivers o End of 1848 6,000 miners 49ers: wave from East coast & abroad; Europeans sailed to CA Faster to cross the Panama isthmis (save 9,000 miles) 4000 ships rotting in SF bay while miners from abroad panned for gold; 25,000 came by boat Cholera from water due to human waste in water from wagon trains thousands died Death Valley: many miners died trying this shortcut to CA; got lost
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Feather River region: north of Motherland, 2 nd gold rush falls 3 rd trinity- Shasta Area (there were 3 waves of gold in 3 different regions) o 100,000 people came overland in 1849 o
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