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Parkinson’s DiseasePamela Hernandez
What is Parkinson’s disease? Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive movement disorder meaning that symptoms continue and worsens over time. The cause is unknown, and although there is no cure, there are treatment options such as medication and surgery to manage symptoms. Parkinson’s involves the malfunction and death of vital nerve cells in the brain, called neurons. Parkinson’s primarily affects neurons in an area of the brain called substantia nigra. Some of these dying neurons produce dopamine, a chemical that sends messages to the part of the brain that controls movement and coordination. As Parkinson’s progresses, the amount of dopamine produced in the brain cells decreases, leaving a person unable to control movement normally.
Parkinson’s Disease Facts-Most individuals with Parkinson’s disease are diagnosed when they are 60 years old or older, but early- onset Parkinson’s disease also occurs.-With proper treatment, most individuals with Parkinson’s disease can lead long, productive lives for many years after diagnosis.-Approximately 4 millions people worldwide suffer from Parkinson’s disease. Around 120,000 people in the US have the condition. -Around 1 in 20 people are diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease under the age of 40. -Parkinson’s disease can be treated with a combination of drug treatments and other therapies, for example, speech therapy and physiotherapy.
How is Parkinson’s Disease Diagnosed?An early and accurate diagnosis of Parkinson's disease is important in developing good treatment strategies to maintain a high quality of life for as long as possible. However, there is no test to diagnose