Exam 2 Study Guide - Exam#2 is on March 1 2007 Chapter 11...

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Exam #2 is on March 1, 2007. Chapter 11 – Development over the Life Span Terms to Know : Developmental psychology : examines biological physical, psychological, and behaviors changes that occur as we age. Neonatal period : birth to fourth week of life Infancy : end of first month to one year Childhood : one year to puberty Adolescence : puberty to adulthood Adulthood : adolescence to old age Senescence : old age to death Visual cliff : infants don’t understand dimensions. Cognition : all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating Schema : which are organized patterns of thought and action Assimilation : Is the process by which new experiences are incorporated into existing schemas. Accommodation : is the process by which new experiences cause existing schemas to change. Adaptation : assimilation and accommodation working to change cognition Sensorimotor period : understand their world primarily through sensory experiences and physical (motor) interactions with objects Object permanence : the understanding that an object continues to exist even when it no longer can be seen Stranger anxiety : distress over contact with unfamiliar people. Attachment : refers to the strong emotional bond that develops between children and their primary caregivers Preoperational period : in which they represent the world symbolically through words and mental images but do not yet understand basic mental operations or rules. Conservation : the principle that basic properties of objects, such as their volume, mass, or quantity, stay the same even though their outward appearance may change Egocentrism : difficulty in viewing the world from someone else’s perspective Animism: Concrete operational stage : can perform basic mental operations concerning problems that involve tangible objects and situations Three - mountain problem : used to illustrate the egocentrism of young children. Formal operational stage : in which individuals are able to think logically and systematically about both concrete and abstract problems, form hypotheses, and test them in a thoughtful way
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Zone of proximal development : the difference between what a child can do independently and what the child can do with assistance from adults or more advanced peers Theory of mind : refers to a person’s beliefs about the “mind” and the ability to understand other people’s mental states Libido : the life force that we were born with, which moved and expressed different parts of our bodies Oral stage : pleasures center on the mouth Anal stage : pleasures focuses on the anus Phallic stage : pleasure involves child’s genitals Oedipus complex : : culminates in a terrible anxiety about the genitals and what is going to happen to their genitals in boys Electra complex : : culminates in a terrible anxiety about the genitals and what is going
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Exam 2 Study Guide - Exam#2 is on March 1 2007 Chapter 11...

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