STUDY DOC FINAL.docx - Communism Emerging idea began in the late 19th century Communisms leading advocates are Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels They

STUDY DOC FINAL.docx - Communism Emerging idea began in the...

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Communism Emerging idea began in the late 19th century Communism’s leading advocates are Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels They criticised capitalism and liberalism, believing that these ideas only benefited the bourgeoisie and would cause ultimate destruction at the end Communists called for the abolition of private property in land which means no land should be owned by individuals Progressive income tax Abolition of inheritance rights Nationalization of banking, transport and communication Common planning for industry Free education, which tied to the earlier French revolution Liberal’s reasons are really benefiting themselves Proletarians shared a common interests across international borders Democracy was ineffective and prevent workers from joining. Manchester who/when: Friedrich Engels’s The conditions of the working class in England 1845 o described manchester during industrial revolution where: Manchester, England was the center of the industrial revolution (aka Boom Town) what: very dirty, slummy, dangerous high crime, kid gangs on the street, low privacy o industrial “modern” city sprung up overnight, peasants (women an o d children) from the countryside fled here to work, Why: o influenced socialists and communists by showing what liberalism has produced relate to satanic mills? o changed gender roles because women and children worked, men could not find work (as said in the reading) o living on low wages “hand to mouth” led to high instability “consumes today with earned yesterday” Karl Marx 1818-1883 german born UK residing philosopher wrote the Communist manifesto along with Friedrich Engels was anti capitalism and believed that it just extended the class gap between the rich and the poor //I thought Prof said he was in awe of capitalism?? believed that liberalism did not give what it promised , only to some (the rich) democracy was really a debate between the ideas of the wealthy proposed the idea that everyone is equal (community) Dialectical Materialism 1. Reality is made by things rather than ideas - things precede ideas //world shapes ideas rather than the other way round
2.There is no “human nature”- Our nature is created by social relations (environment, aka naturevs nurture)- Society determines the individual (Different than Mill) as Mill believed that society depends on the people//Can someone explain why? 3. 4. “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” - The current age pits bourgeoisie vs. proletariat A mechanism that describes progress, was initially proposed by Hegel to try to understand how we elevate our thinking. Similarly, Marx used it to describe how our thinking is influenced by materialism (natural science).

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