e2 - Page 1 of 6 Jorge Arias EUH2000 EXAM #2 July 28, 2008...

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Page 1 of 6 Jorge Arias EUH2000 – EXAM #2 July 28, 2008 Even as World War II was progressing Churchill, Roosevelt, and later Truman were devising plans to cope with the growing threat of the USSR. In theory, the utopian ideals of communism and socialism are not necessarily incompatible with those of democracy. However, in practice they are diametrically opposed to the ideals of capitalism and a free-market society. Why was the 20th century rise of the Soviet Union seen as such a great threat to the American and Western “way of life”? The rise of the Soviet Union was seen by the Americans as a threat to the Western “way of life” for a couple of reasons that can have a huge, deep impact and great repercussions. First, socialism, the Soviet’s way of government, was in practice totally opposite from that of the American and Western people. Karl Max’s capitalism comes from the XIX century. It implies a system where private companies and individuals do the production and exchange of goods and services in complex transactions where prices and markets are taken into consideration. After the first Great War, a new socioeconomic system was invented by the name of communism. This new system was the total opposite from capitalism. Socialism can be described as “an economic, social and political doctrine that expresses the struggle for the equal distribution of wealth by eliminating private property and the exploitative ruling class.” 1 The Cold War was a state of permanent tension, and it never became an actual generalized war. The cases of extreme tension were always resolved through conflicts located in places far from the base of any of the two political powers. Both countries had strategies of 1 www2.truman.edu/~marc/resources/terms.html
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Page 2 of 6 Jorge Arias EUH2000 – EXAM #2 July 28, 2008 continuous threatening that included a constant military threat like the conventional war thread, the nuclear threat, the ideological confrontation and the economical war. The conventional war threat was simple: the threat of invasion
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This note was uploaded on 10/16/2008 for the course EUH 2000 taught by Professor Idrem during the Spring '08 term at FIT.

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e2 - Page 1 of 6 Jorge Arias EUH2000 EXAM #2 July 28, 2008...

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