m - which are forms of nitrogen that can be utilized...

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Chan Huynh 1. a. This is a reduction reaction. You can tell by the enzyme that was used in the reaction. Reductases are only used for the purpose of lowering activation energies for reduction reactions. b. Fluvastatin prevents the synthesis of cholesterol by inhibiting the enzyme HMG- CoA Reductase. 2. Starch will be broken down amylase into simple sugars. Lactose is broken down and hydrolyzed by disaccharidases. Polysaccharides are hydrolyzed in order to enter glycolysis. Once in glycolysis, the simple sugars and glucose are oxidized to pyruvate. Lipids are broken down into glycerol and fatty acids by lipases which also enter glucose to aid in the formation of pyruvate. Proteins are broken down in to amino acids by proteases and then amino groups are removed by deamination. 3. INSIDE MEMBRANE OUTSIDE 4. a. Lithotrophic species can oxidize nitrogen compounds into nitrite and nitrate,
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Unformatted text preview: which are forms of nitrogen that can be utilized further in the nitrogen cycle. b. Yes, because all lithotrophs can use sulfur and/or oxygen as electron acceptors. 5. Cyanobacteria Purple Sulfur Green Sulfur Pigment(s) Chlorophyll a, Carotenoids, Phycobilins Bacteriochlorophylls Carotenoids Bacteriochlorophylls Carotenoids Light Wavelength(s) 680-700nm 870 nm 840 nm Electron Donor H 2 O Hydrogen gas, hydrogen sulfide, and organic Hydrogen gas, hydrogen sulfide, and organic compounds compounds How ATP produced? Electron pass from photosystem II to I, using atp synthase Proton motive force Proton motive force How reducing power produced? Non-cyclic photophosphorylation using both photosystems Reversed electron transport Non-cyclic use of the photosystem...
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m - which are forms of nitrogen that can be utilized...

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