APUSH Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 America Secedes from the Empire Wednesday September 7 2016 11:31 PM Battles at Lexington and Concord sparked the

APUSH Chapter 8 - Chapter 8 America Secedes from the...

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Chapter 8: America Secedes from the Empire Wednesday, September 7, 201611:31 PMBattles at Lexington and Concord sparked the violent part of the revolution. Minute Men swoop into Boston Second Continental Congress: All colonies meet. Still hesitant on revolution. Hopes of GB accepting their treaties of grievances. Wrote new appeals and built up fund for army/navy Congress Drafts George Washington George Washington- A great military mind but more renowned for his sense of moral character. Shining light of patience and Justice for colonists. A symbolWas chosen not for his mind, but because he was a wealthy aristocrat from Virginia. Ease suspicions and jealousy of the colonistsBunker Hill and Hessian Hirelings Colonists undecidedly fought with both musket and pen, verging on war but still hopeful American troops captured gunpowder store in Upper NY, at Ticonderoga and Crown Point. Helped for Bunker HillAt Bunker Hill, Americans destroyed the redcoats who dumbly just charged. Many casualties but Americans still had to retreatJuly 1775, Continental Congress put forth the Olive Branch Petition, still begging for reconciliation. Turned down, King George III Officially declared rebellion King George III Hired German Hesse mercenaries. Angered colonists. -- Hessians were good fighters but were lured by gold and land, and stopped fighting sometimes The Abortive Conquest of Canada GB takes Portland, MaineRebels venture North to Canada, thinking they’ll add a helpful 14th colony and prevent a GB base. Seen as offensive though1 column under Richard Montgomery. Took Montreal and met GB General Benedict Arnold at Quebec. GB won and killed Montgomery-- French didn’t want to welcome the anti-Catholic colonistsBritish set fire to Norfolk in VA, GB forced to evacuate Boston, South rebels win fight against loyalists in NC, and against a British fleet at CharlestonThomas Paine Preaches Common SenseStill very part of the Mother Country and the crown. Loyalty was engrained, and also fear (partly BC Ireland punishments)Thomas Paine published "Common sense" Arguing for a republic instead of a monarchy. Said that the tiny GB had no right to control the vast American ColoniesPaine and the Idea of Republicanism Argues with biblical imagery that govt should be a republic with all officials ruling with popular consent Colonists receptive and remember the past Acts and how the monarch tried to steal their liberties
Republics formed in Classical Greece and Rome, Revived in the Renaissance. Barely survived in GB Argued for civic virtue where individuals give up what is best for them for the public good. Colonists like this idea because of past success (N.E. Town hall meetings) and viewed America as a fertile ground for these beliefsMore conservative Republicans were worried of lower classes causing social disorder and leveling Jefferson's Explanation of Independence

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