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Losses in Bends.doc - Petroleum University of Technology...

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Petroleum University of Technology Fluid mechanics laboratory Short report Experiment: Losses in Bends Student name: Student No. :
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LOSSES IN BENDS AND APPARATUS I. Description of the Apparatus: Demonstration of the losses and characteristics associated with flow through bends and fittings. Hydraulics Bench Fl-l0, Losses in Bends Apparatus Fl-22, Stop watch (not supplied), Tapping clamp. With this apparatus we can measure losses in bends and we do the experiment for five times and after each time we read the differences between heads for each bends and after that we plot for each bend delta h versus V^2/2g and than with this we can find the k (constant for losses ). II. Data Obtained from Experiment: Time Meter Elbow Short bend Long bend Contraction Enlargement 24 75 55 34 24 46 21 29 58 45 27 19 40 15 35 43 32 18 14 27 9 38 33 26 16 12 22 8 50 22 19 11 7 13 7
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III. Table of Data and Calculation: Time Meter Elbow Short bend Long bend Contraction Enlargement Q(l/s) v^2/2g v(m/s) 24 0.075 0.055 0.034 0.024 0.046 0.021 0.25 0.035033 0.828638 29 0.058 0.045 0.027 0.019 0.04 0.015 0.206897 0.023994 0.685769 35 0.043 0.032 0.018 0.014 0.027 0.009 0.171429 0.016473 0.568209 38 0.033 0.026 0.016 0.012 0.022 0.008 0.157895 0.013974 0.52335 50 0.022 0.019 0.011 0.007 0.013 0.007 0.12 0.008072 0.397746 ELBOW
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ELBOW y = 1.3833x + 0.0084 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0 0.01
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