Expressive_Behavior - Emotionalityand ExpressiveBehavior...

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Emotionality and Expressive Behavior
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Pop Wisdom 55% communicated by the face 38% communicated by the voice 7% communicated by the spoken word
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Subjects watch 1976 Dole-Mondale vice-presidential debate and rate the ‘emotional tone’ of different segments Other Ss only exposed to certain channels and their ratings are compared to the full-channel group r=.15 with visual only r=.32 with scramble audio only r=.77 with transcript only
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“No mortal can keep a secret. If the lips are silent, he chatters with his fingertips…betrayal oozes out of him at every pore.” — Sigmund Freud “The face is the mirror of the mind, and eyes without speaking, confess the secrets of the heart.” — St. Jerome “The mouth may lie, but the face it makes tells the truth” —Fredrich Nietzsche
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Most Controllable Verbal — Linguistic Facial Expression Body, Hands, Legs, Feet Vocal Quality Least Controllable (Most Leaky)
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Why Our Modest Lie Detection Abilities are so Surprising The illusion of transparency
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The Illusion of Transparency Lie Detection Predicted detection = 49% Actual detection = 26% (“self as target” control: Predicted “false alarms” when telling truth = 26%) Gilovich, Savitsky, & Medvec (1998)
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The Illusion of Transparency Speech Anxiety (Observers’ ratings of participants’ speeches on several dimensions) 1 2 3 4 5 Control Reassured Informed Savitsky & Gilovich (2003)
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The Illusion of Transparency and Bystander (non)Intervention 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 Actual Concern Self-rated Appearance Other-rated Appearance Gilovich, Savitsky, & Medvec (1998)
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2008 for the course PSYCH 2800 taught by Professor Gilovich,t/regan,d during the Spring '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Expressive_Behavior - Emotionalityand ExpressiveBehavior...

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