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Happiness08 - Happiness “If philosophy be as we take it...

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Unformatted text preview: Happiness “If philosophy be, as we take it, the Study of Happiness, must not everyone, in some manner or other, either skillfully or unskillfully philosophize?” — The (3rd) Earl of Shaftesbury “One may contemplate history from the point of view of happiness, but history is not the soil in which happiness grows. The periods of happiness in it are the blank pages of history.” — Friedrich Hegel Scholars have been slow to tackle happiness directly Measurement difficulties Satisfaction with Life Scale 1 = strongly disagree 7= strongly agree 1. In most ways my life is close to my ideal 2. The conditions of my life are excellent 3. I am satisfied with my life 4. So far I have gotten the important things I want in life 5. If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing Assessments of Happiness (well being) 1. The satisfaction with life scale 3. The experience sampling method 4. The day reconstruction method Is it valid? Do the questions mean the same things to everyone? Provides little information about uncommon or brief events Expensive and cumbersome 2. Cortical Activation Expensive Not very “ecological” Average Happiness While Engaged in Various Activities Sex 4.7 Socializing 4.0 Relaxing 3.9 Eating 3.8 Exercising 3.8 Watching TV 3.6 Shopping 3.2 Preparing food 3.2 Talking on the phone 3.1 Taking care of own kids 3.0 Housework 3.0 Working 2.7 Commuting 2.6 Denmark Switzerland Austria Iceland Bahamas Finland Sweden Bhutan Brunei Canada Countries with the Happiest Citizens, on average What Doesn’t Much Influence Happiness Age Gender Physical Attractiveness IQ Education What Does Influence Happiness Finances Family Income Down by a Third 2 Relationships Divorced 5 Separated 8 Widowed 4 Never married 4.5 Cohabitating (rather than married) 2 Work Unemployed 6 Job insecure 3 Unemployment rate up 10 percentage pts 3 Quality of Government 5 Subsequent Happiness of Lottery Winners, Paraplegics, and Controls (Brickman, Coates, & Janoff-Bulman, 1978) 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Lottery Winners Controls Paraplegics Which State of the World Would Prefer to Live In?Which State of the World Would Prefer to Live In?...
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  • Spring '08
  • GILOVICH,T/REGAN,D
  • Household income in the United States, van Boven, regrettable actions, current yearly income, Psychological Repair Work

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Happiness08 - Happiness “If philosophy be as we take it...

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