Soc 346 Study Guide (exam 1) In Class: • Educational Expansion • Changes in rates of high school and college completion 1950-34% of 25 year olds had completed high school • 6% completed college 2001-84% completed high school • 26% college Asking a lot more of educational system but with less resources • Social Mobility and Status Attainment o Social Reproduction v Social Mobility Social Reproduction • People likely to end up in positions similar to that of their parents Social Mobility • People end up in higher or lower position o Schools and status cultures Max Weber • Status group-makes up social order, social honor, lifestyle • Social class-economic order o Often these two overlap • Schools maintain “status cultures” • Education system justifies existing status groups that already exist o Social Reproduction o 0>E>D path diagram Father’s occupational status and level of education(origins-O) Person’s own educational attainment level (education-E) One’s own occupational destinations(dest-D) o Mobility (Ralph Turner 1960’s) Ideal Types • Contest mobility(U.S.) o Contest for elite systems o Relatively “open” to all o Those who earn elite status get it o Multiple elites (opens up to competition) o No early or premature judgments of status
o Always the hope “chance” because of delayed decision making • Sponsored mobility(Britain) o Established elite group o Established elite choose future elites and “sponsor” them o Early determination of “talent” o Early selection and sorting o Training is geared towards one’s adult status o Diff kids get diff education o Train the masses to see elites as having superior competence • Consequences o US. Discouragement (failure) Unrealistic expectations o Britain Unrecognized talent Possibility of revolt Higher dropout rates • Human, Social, and Cultural Capital theories o Social closure and the relationship between human and social capital o What educational phenomena they help explain/examples of research showing the benefits of each. • Credentialism o What credentials “signal” to employers They have the necessary knowledge and socialization to be good workers • School funding and school segregation o How much variation within/between states? Large differences in funding between schools in poor and wealthy communities • Districts range of funding is often more important to pay attention to than the differences between states • Almost half the districts spend less than $6000 per student per year • The amount per pupil is highly dependent upon the wealth of the community the school is in o Relationships between student poverty and school funding The higher the level of poverty, the less money per student Kids in poverty face a lot of obstacles • Poorly funded schools is one of them o
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- Fall '08
- Sociology, social reproduction, Social Mobility Social, resources Social Mobility