Soc 346 Study Guide - Soc 346 Study Guide (exam 1) In...

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Soc 346 Study Guide (exam 1) In Class: Educational Expansion Changes in rates of high school and college completion 1950-34% of 25 year olds had completed high school 6% completed college 2001-84% completed high school 26% college Asking a lot more of educational system but with less resources Social Mobility and Status Attainment o Social Reproduction v Social Mobility Social Reproduction People likely to end up in positions similar to that of their parents Social Mobility People end up in higher or lower position o Schools and status cultures Max Weber Status group-makes up social order, social honor, lifestyle Social class-economic order o Often these two overlap Schools maintain “status cultures” Education system justifies existing status groups that already exist o Social Reproduction o 0>E>D path diagram Father’s occupational status and level of education(origins-O) Person’s own educational attainment level (education-E) One’s own occupational destinations(dest-D) o Mobility (Ralph Turner 1960’s) Ideal Types Contest mobility(U.S.) o Contest for elite systems o Relatively “open” to all o Those who earn elite status get it o Multiple elites (opens up to competition) o No early or premature judgments of status
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o Always the hope “chance” because of delayed decision making Sponsored mobility(Britain) o Established elite group o Established elite choose future elites and “sponsor” them o Early determination of “talent” o Early selection and sorting o Training is geared towards one’s adult status o Diff kids get diff education o Train the masses to see elites as having superior competence Consequences o US. Discouragement (failure) Unrealistic expectations o Britain Unrecognized talent Possibility of revolt Higher dropout rates Human, Social, and Cultural Capital theories o Social closure and the relationship between human and social capital o What educational phenomena they help explain/examples of research showing the benefits of each. Credentialism o What credentials “signal” to employers They have the necessary knowledge and socialization to be good workers School funding and school segregation o How much variation within/between states? Large differences in funding between schools in poor and wealthy communities Districts range of funding is often more important to pay attention to than the differences between states Almost half the districts spend less than $6000 per student per year The amount per pupil is highly dependent upon the wealth of the community the school is in o Relationships between student poverty and school funding The higher the level of poverty, the less money per student Kids in poverty face a lot of obstacles
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This note was uploaded on 10/17/2008 for the course SOC 346 taught by Professor Millar during the Spring '08 term at Washington State University .

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Soc 346 Study Guide - Soc 346 Study Guide (exam 1) In...

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