Soc 361 Exam 1 Study Guide

Soc 361 Exam 1 Study Guide - Soc 361 Exam 1 Study Guide...

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Soc 361 Exam 1 Study Guide What is crime? (5 components) 1. behavior-perform an act 2. criminal intent-intentional 3. voluntary 4. social harm 5. harm caused by behavior Limits on Criminality- Who cannot be considered a criminal? 1. Insanity- not able to form criminal intent a. Unable to understand right from wrong 2. Self-defense- no way of avoiding injury to another a. Force not excessive 3. Age 0-7- not responsible a. 7-17 accountable but diminished responsibility Explain the statement “Crime is Socially Constructed” (i.e. Subjectively defined) Involves human decision making, society determines the definition of what can be considered a crime and what can’t be How do definitions of crime vary across time/place/situation? Place: geography, cross-culturally Time: era’s, crime changes as what is important to society changes Situation- Consensus Perspective Description of how society operates, how crimes are defined, and purpose of law 1. How society functions a. Society-interrelated parts (inter-dependant) b. Cooperation-social interactions c. Overarching belief system- holds society together i. Similar views of right and wrong 2. By who are crimes defined? a. Crime-acts that offend collective sense of what is right b. Law= codification of social values (written down social values) 3. Function of law a. Settle disputes b. Exist for “general good” c. Function of crime according to Durkheim i. Reminds people of shared interests/values ii. Strengthens community bonds via shared outrage iii. Reassures community members of morality/normality Conflict Perspective Description of how society operates, how crimes are defined, and purpose of law. 1.
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Soc 361 Exam 1 Study Guide - Soc 361 Exam 1 Study Guide...

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