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4_-_Energy_balance_temperature_template_part_II

4_-_Energy_balance_temperature_template_part_II - Sensible...

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Sensible Heat Latent Heat
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The take-home message: Earth-atmosphere energy balance Figure 4.12 Total inputs & outputs are in balance
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Net Radiation and Temperature Earth’s radiation balance function of incoming & outgoing energy. Balances occur daily (diurnally) at locale scale, annually at global scale. Figure 4.14
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Latitudinal Variations in Energy Annually, areas between 38 degrees N – 38 degrees S run energy surplus. Areas pole ward of 38 degrees experience energy deficits Boundary between net gains and deficits migrates seasonally Circulations and transport Neutralize imbalances via pressure/winds, ocean currents. Annual average net radiation Figure 4.13
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Global Temperature Distributions – Latitude General decrease in temperatures with higher latitudes. Stronger latitudinal contrast in winter hemisphere Northern hemisphere temperature gradients more pronounced. More land surfaces – land heats & cools more quickly than ocean.
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