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HIST214_TOPIC 7 REVIEW

HIST214_TOPIC 7 REVIEW - TOPIC 7 Political Independence...

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TOPIC 7 Political Independence & Economic Imperialism in Latin America Historical Latin America was colonized by Spain & Portugal All governors were Iberians If a Latin American wanted to sell oil to Great Britain, they would have to sell to Peninsulares first, and then he would take to Spain and sell. o They acted as middle-men, and made a ton of $$ o Created tenstion between Creoles and Peninsulares. 1. Briefly discuss the internal factors for the Movement for Independence in Latin America. a. Economic power of Peninsulares i. If a Latin American wanted to sell oil to Spain, he would have to first sell it to the Peninsulares, who would take all the profit. b. Political power of Peninsulares i. All governors were Iberians c. Dissatisfaction of Creole elite. i. Could not control international trade. d. Reflection on self i. Poets and artists praised Mexico City, Brazil & other parts of Latin America as an earthly paradise. Had reason to believe that the “sun now rises in the west” ii. A fascination with the new ideas, a inclination to experiment, and the urge to reason all weakened a former blind respect for authority & tradition. Armed Uprisings (1795, 1797, 1799) - Majority of uprisings did not get support of all Creoles - Creoles wanted to get rid of Peninsulares, but did not want to have long-term struggle because there might be anarchy, and the lower class might rise against them. - Great Britain supported Creoles who wanted free trade. 2. Explain the external factors in the Movement for
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Independence in Latin America. a. Doctrines of Enlightenment i. New theories promoting democracy, equal rights. Spread through universities and literary elite. b. French Revolution c. Napoleonic Wars i. Provided opportunity for Creoles and Mazumbos to increase status.
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