NURS 6501 WEEK 11 DIsc.docx - Cervical Cancer The cervix the opening to the lower part of the uterus Cervical cancer is most often caused by the Human

NURS 6501 WEEK 11 DIsc.docx - Cervical Cancer The cervix...

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Cervical Cancer The cervix the opening to the lower part of the uterus. Cervical cancer, is most often caused by the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes more than 90% of cases (WHO) most people who have HPV infections, do not develop cervical cancer. Most females, could develop antibodies to defend against the virus. Cervical cancer typically develops from precancerous changes over 10 to 20 years, usually diagnosis between 28-40. About 90% of cervical cancer cases are squamous cell carcinomas, 10% are adenocarcinoma, and a small number are other types (WHO) Diagnosis is typically by cervical screening, Papanicolaou test (PAP Smear)followed by a biopsy. Symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, or painful sexual intercourse. Bleeding after sex may not be serious, but can be indicative of cervical cancer (Hammer &McPhee, 2014). There are other factors for cervical cancer including multiple vaginal births, sex at a young age, multiple sexual partners and weakened immune systems. HPV vaccines protect against high-risk strains of this family of
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