exam 1 notes - Chapter 1 Labor law Employment law Why is...

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Chapter 1 Labor law Employment law: Why is gov’t involved in work relationships? o Employment is private agreement o Laws exist internationally o Protect individuals from imbalance of power, determined by sense of airness in society What is fair? o Distributive justice- if outcome is fair its fair o Procedural justice- why? (why are paying what your paying) o Interactional justice- interaction with the employees Types of gov’t involvement: Protection for specific areas of work o National labor relations act (the wagner act) o Fair labor standards act o OSHA (safety) o Workers comp o Unemployment insurance o Family medical leave act- unpaid leave for family emergencies o Equal pay act 1963 Types of gov’t involvement Protection for all areas of work o Title VII 7 of civil rights act (1964) o Americans with disabilities act (1990) o Age discrimination in Employment act (1967) Title VII of the civil rights act (11 titles) Applies to company with 15 or more Prohibits discrimination or the basis o Race o Religion o Color o Sex o National origin Applies to almost every aspect of employment Disparate treatment - employer has a different standard for different groups of people (minorities, women) Disparate impact- an employer has the same standard for all people, but the standard creates an adverse impact on one of the protected groups o Measured by 4/5 rule (rule of thumb that finds evidence of discrimination if an organization’s hiring rate for a minority group is less then 4/5 the hiring rate of the majority group) P.84
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o Looks at available labor market Ex. Griggs vs Duke o Worked for power company o Applied for management but did not receive it because of no high school diploma o This cannot be done if job does not require diploma Sexual harassment- are covered by this law Quid pro quo- item or service has been traded for something in return of value Hostile environment- anything that happens that makes it difficult for employee to complete job. (reasonable person) Be aware of reverse discrimination- discrimination against a majority group Bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ)- is a quality or an attribute that employers are allowed to consider when making decisions on the hiring and retention of employees (necessary qualification for job) MN Humans rights act 1 or more employee to apply public assistance local commission activity (politics0 sexual orientation age material status Americans with disabilities act: prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities o “qualified” means able with or without accommodation to do “essential” job functions Employers are required to make reasonable accommodations o Except in cases of undue “hardship” o Cannot trammel (restrain) rights of majority for accommodation Accommodation for job: usually less then $500 (do not have to do if it is to expensive) o Restructuring job Nonessential
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This note was uploaded on 10/18/2008 for the course MGTS 3801 taught by Professor Davidson during the Fall '08 term at University of Minnesota Duluth.

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exam 1 notes - Chapter 1 Labor law Employment law Why is...

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