review sheet - Sheet ePsychology 380 Abnormal Psychology...

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Sheet ePsychology 380: Abnormal Psychology Professor Overtree Fall, 2008 Major Concepts to Review for the First Exam Topics Covered: All Lectures Abnormal Psychology Chapters 1-4 and 14 Akeret Chapter 1 The following list contains the major concepts discussed in the textbook that should be well understood for the exam. In addition to these concepts, you’ll also need to study the material discussed in class. Remember that all the slides presented in class are on the course website on SPARK, so you can use them as guide for review of your class notes. Although you can use this as a guide for studying, all material covered in lecture or in the readings is eligible for inclusion in the exam. Ch. 1 – Understanding abnormality Defining abnormality- abnormality is defined in four criteria 1.) Distress-experience of emotional or physical pain. Witnessing death for example this impairs one’s ability to complete life’s daily tasks 2.) Impairment-led on by intense distress. A person loses ability to function such as being drunk 3.) Risk to self or others-risk refers to danger or threat to the well being. A severely depressed woman is at “risk” of committing suicide. Abusers also fit this profile. 4.) behavior outside of the norms of the social and cultural context- painted faces at a basketball game is normal but not in other situations Although these may seem clear-cut, it is often difficult to diagnose someone as abnormal Causes of abnormal behavior Biological-reasons stemming from genetic inheritance or physical functioning. Often times this can be mended by medications. Major depressive disorder is a common disorder that runs in families. Odds of a child being depressed if parents are are statistically greater. Physical conditions may include brain damage or ingestion of drugs Psychological-deals with life experiences and the trauma that comes along with it. Sociocultural-social influence in the lives of people. From the most local level this includes roommates, family and co-workers. Beyond this includes extended family, and a third circle deals with people who we minimally interact with, and a fourth circle deals with a society as a whole for example. Biopsychosocial model – causes cannot be neatly divided. There is usually overlap. Some researchers believe in the diathesisstress model with says that people are born with a predisposition that places them at risk.
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Abnormal Psychology throughout History Demonic possession -dates back to 8000 B.C. where skulls had holes drilled in them. Bone healed which suggests the patient survived and it was medical reasons. This is called trephining. Exorcism was also used which used processes such as eating foul substances, starving, whipping, beating. Some were even executed when seen as a threat. The scientific model
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review sheet - Sheet ePsychology 380 Abnormal Psychology...

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