Unit 14: alcohol: positives and negatives
: an illness characterized by a dependence on alcohol and by a
level of alcohol intake that interferes with health, family, and social relations,
and job performance.
: a condition characterized by mental confusion, vomiting,
seizures, slow or irregular breathing, and low body temperature due to the
effects of excess alcohol consumption. It is life threatening and requires
emeregency medical attention.
Moderate alcohol consumption
: one standard-sized drink per day for
women and two drinks for men.
Health benefits of moderate consumption
: protection against heart
disease, it increases the body’s production of high-density lipoprotein
red wine has special pigments in it that act as
antioxidants which can decrease the tendency of blood clots.
Negative impacts of heavy alcohol consumption
: (5 or more drinks a
high blood pressure, stroke, cirrhosis, throat, stomach, and bladder
cancers, central nervous systerm disorders, and vitamin and mineral deficiency
ALSO: numerous deaths are associated with alcohol from: homocides,
drowning, fires, traffic accidents, and suicide., also rape and assaults
How alcohol is metabolized
: easily and rapidly absorbed in the stomach and
small intestine, then enters the circulatory system and is on its way to the
liver, brain and other tissues throughout the body. Remains in blood and body
tissues until it is broken down and used for energy or it’s converted into fat and
Drinking and diet quality:
per gram consumed.
this is high in caloric
these are empty calories
Strategies to drink responsibly:
-don’t drink if you’re pregnant or can be pregnant
- do not drink on an empty stomach
- sip, don’t gulp
-limit the alcohol to an amount that doesn’t make you lose control over your
mind and body
- don’t drink and drive
-don’t’ drink and boat
-don’t drink and hunt