14-Parties.pdf - Political Parties GOV310L Brendan Apfeld 1...

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Political Parties GOV310L - Brendan Apfeld March 31, 2017 1
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Current Events 2
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Susan Rice Figure 1: 3
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Stephen Bannon Figure 2: 4
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Syria Figure 3: 5
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Today’s Class 6
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By Way of Introduction Modern democracy is unthinkable save in terms of the parties — E.E. Schattschneider, 1942 The age of party democracy has passed. Although the parties themselves remain, they have become so disconnected from the wider society, and pursue a form of competition that is so lacking in meaning, that they no longer seem capable of sustaining democracy in its present form. — Peter Mair, 2013 7
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Today’s Puzzles Why do we only have two major parties? If 3rd party candidates have no chance, why do we sometimes see them? Parties are unpopular — do they matter? I just watched that 30 Rock clip. Is that true? 8
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Today’s Outline The Two Party System What do parties do? Background on Political Parties in the US Classifying Elections Texas Political Parties 9
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The Two Party System 10
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What Are Political Parties? Parties are teams of politicians, activists, and interest groups organized to win control of government An organization that attempts to influence government by electing its members to office 11
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How do Parties Differ from IGs? Goals Scope Tactics Compromise? 12
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What leads to only two parties? The simple answer: SMSP Single member districts Simple plurality voting 13
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A Reference Guide Figure 4: 14
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Ideology We often collapse all ideology into a single dimension: left/right This can be useful in explaining why third parties can’t emerge 15
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Other Problems for 3rd Parties Restricted ballot access Campaign finance laws hinder longevity Low media coverage Unqualified or unknown candidates 16
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Other Problems for 3rd Parties Figure 5: 17
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But sometimes… 3rd party candidates may still compete to make a point 18
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The rest of the world Figure 6: 19
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The rest of the world -50 0 50 -100 0 100 200 long lat 2.5 5.0 7.5 10.0 Effective Number of Parties c.2000 Figure 7: 20
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