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CHAPTER 1 OVERVIEW LEARNING OBJECTIVES CHAPTER 1 OUTLINE CHAPTER 1 PROMOTING HEALTHY BEHAVIOR CHANGE Health and wellness are active states that are deeply affected by style of living. In order to be healthy, one must decide when to change behavior and when to maintain current behaviors. Chapter 1 provides a basic understanding of the concept of health, describing the six dimensions of health and helping the reader to understand how they relate to form a dynamic process of achieving one's potential. A major focus of Chapter 1 is the decision making section. Please note that several theories are discussed, including Prochaska and DiClemente's "Stages of Change" model, and the Health Belief Model. These models are used throughout the text to help the student make healthy choices. 1. Discuss health in terms of its dimensions and historical perspectives. 2. Explain the importance of a healthy lifestyle in preventing premature disease and promoting wellness. 3. Discuss the health status of Americans, and the importance of Healthy People 2010 and other national initiatives to promote health. 4. Evaluate the role of gender in disparities in health status, research, and risk. 5. Explain the importance of a global perspective on health and the health challenges faced by people of various racial and cultural backgrounds. 6. Evaluate sources of health information, particularly the Internet, to determine reliability. 7. Focus on current risk behaviors, what factors influence your behavior, and how risk behaviors impact your current and future health. 8. Assess behavior-change techniques and apply them to your own lifestyle. I. Putting Your Health in Perspective A. The definition of health has evolved throughout history. 1. Early definition of health was the opposite of sickness. 2. The discovery of microorganisms was the motive for defining health as good hygiene, which included sanitation and other behaviors. a. The Medical Model focused primarily on the individual and a biological or disease organ perspective. b. The Ecological or Public Health Model viewed diseases and other negative health events as a result of an individual’s interaction with his/her social and physical environment. 1
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3. Statistics used to measure health include mortality and morbidity rates. a. Mortality rates describe death rates. b. Morbidity rates describe illness rates. B. In the 1940s WHO defined health as "the state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. 1. Critics argued that health is not a "state" but an ever-changing dimension of life. 2. Rene' Dubois defined health as a quality of life, involving social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and biological fitness on the part of the individual, which results from adaptations to the environment. C.
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2008 for the course GHTH 100 taught by Professor Proehdl during the Spring '08 term at James Madison University.

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