final study guide

final study guide - Questions on Swing Music Why was...

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Questions on Swing Music Why was Goodman important to the promotion of big band jazz in the 30s? What Goodman did that broke down national attitudes towards segregation He was the King of Swing, so popular that he could choose what places to play in and would refuse to play where they didn’t accept mixed race bands. He hired separate train car for his band so they didn’t have to deal with racism. He had access to places black musicians didn’t Who was the most important pianist of the Swing Era and why this was so? Count Basie: revolutionary style and sound from Kansas city and outstanding rhythm section; he used a technique of sparseness in which the piano stopped shouting and started to talk When and why was KCMO an important center for the jazz community? It was an economic oasis, a mecca for migrants from the South and musicians in search of work in the late 20s and 30s. (i.e lester young) When and why was 52 nd Street an important center for the jazz community? The abundance of clubs and nightlife there made it an important place for jazz musicians to showcase their talent.1930-1950: during development of bebop Explain the importance of the following…. Mary Lou Williams: one of the Most important composers of swing; 1 st female black arranger/composer to have her music played by an orchestra Count Basie: revolutionary style/sound from Kansas city and outstanding rhythm section; he used a technique of sparseness in which the piano stopped shouting and started to talk Coleman Hawkins Lester Young How did the 21 st Amendment (1933) impact on the jazz community? Allowed for legal clubs and bars to be opened again after 18 th amendment of prohibition and provide more legitimate work for the jazz musicians instead of working in the speakeasies Who was the first great electric guitarist in jazz and how did he gain fame? Charles Christian What were territory bands? Bands on wheels that toured beyond city limits to wider geographies Who were the two protagonists who battled it out at the conclusion of the Jazz 34 video? Coleman Hawkins and Lester Young
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What were some of the unspoken rules of the jazz community for jam sessions in the 30’s? One had to prove himself worthy to play with the band, like Lester Young did as he stood up in the audience and played. The length of all solos was determined by the first solo. Which protagonist in Jazz 34 supposedly won the KCMO encounter? According to Rex Stewart, who won the NYC encounter? Lester Young won, ???? Questions on Bebop Explain what made Bebop different from the older styles. Melodic ideas more disconnected and angular, complex harmonic language Playing unusually and uniquely was very important Differed from the highly organized 4/4 compositions of the swing era because it was highly unorganized and fast; for listening, not dancing Identify two of the early masters of Bebop for the following instruments: Trumpet – Miles Davis, Dizzy Gilespie
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This note was uploaded on 10/19/2008 for the course MUJZ 419m taught by Professor Mason during the Spring '06 term at USC.

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final study guide - Questions on Swing Music Why was...

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