There are a wide range of functions of music in African societies and
In African societies music is connected to many experiences of life.
People use them in everyday activities, entertainment, worship, or rituals.
societies use music to send messages and warn people of a possible attack.
Musical instruments in Africa can be idiophones, membranophones, chordophones,
Music in Africa is not particularly for listening; it is a
No matter what the use, music within African cultures
defines the people, the location, their traditions, and their beliefs.
The first function of music in Africa is to have an aesthetic value.
aesthetic value in not the same kind of beauty that Western culture finds in its
Aesthetics are qualities of the art that make the music appealing.
appealing, defers from people to people and is affected by a society’s culture.
African civilizations, music carries with it very old traditions, that become part of
one’s identity.(Source 1*)
Thus, a positive response to music happens when
musicians link the existence of everyday life to people’s traditions, identity, and
People’s music parallels what they value in life and socially.
the Akan people’s music tends to be very understandable because they value the
smoothness of their language.
Thus, when using music in a funeral ritual, the
Akan are able to respond at a particular moment with their own words to the
traditional drumming songs. In this way, many civilizations use music as a way of
reinforcing their own values.
Music has had many functions within Africa dating back to the 10
Hired musicians were very important, playing a role as historians in certain
civilizations that developed in the second millennium.
Therefore, music often
played a vital role in oral tradition; the important idea of society’s telling of one’s
history, knowledge and values without using a writing system.
For example, in the
Mande civilization located in the West part of Africa, griots would retell the
history of the dynasties and would give help to the present leaders. Music not only
became a way for the griots to remember the history; but it became part of the
For example, some civilizations had “talking drums” that if were
played would tell the leader that he was disliked by the public and would soon be
taken from office.
Drums were very important part of civilizations of that time;