Review sheet for 1st exam, ISS 225

Review sheet for 1st exam, ISS 225 - Review sheet for 1st...

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Review sheet for 1 st exam I. Constitution Which country has the oldest written constitution? – United states What was Aristotle’s roles in developing our constitution? – distinguished between law and constitutional law. What is the difference between monarchies, aristocracies and democracies? Monarchies – kings and queens; aristocracies – few diplomats run the system; democracy – people run the government What did the Magna Carta do? – decreased power of the king, due process of law enforced. What did the 1 st and 2 nd continental congresses do? 1 st – fell apart; 2 nd – established George Washington as commander in chief What were the Articles of Confederation – predecessor of the constitution, gave too much power to the federal gov’t, fell apart b/c the states wouldn’t obey laws What were some problems with the central government under the articles? – see above What were some problems with the states? – see above Why was Shay’s rebellion important? – showed that the Articles did not enforce harmony amongst the states. What are the differences between the Virginia plan, New Jersey plan and the Connecticut compromise? – Virginia Plan – bigger states get more votes. New Jersey – 1 vote for every state. Connecticut – combination of the two, we have this today. Virginia Plan is for the House of Rep. but New Jersey is for Senate. What powers were given to Congress to regulate commerce? – could regulate trade between states, no export tax but import tax was ok. What was the 3/5 compromise? – slaves counted as 3/5 of a person In the original constitution which branches of government (President, Senate, House of Representative) were popularly elected? - What was the debate between the Federalist and Anti-Federalist about? – strength of federal gov’t and bill of rights How can we propose and ratify a constitutional amendment? Propose needs 2/3 majority in either house or senate. ¾ needed to ratify amendment II. Federalism What is the difference between Federal, Unitary, and Confederal governmental systems? – unitary: federal gov’t holds all the power.
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