mid 1 cheat sheet

mid 1 cheat sheet - What are statistics? - Tools for...

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What are statistics? - Tools for organizing, summarizing, analyzing and interpreting data. (Descriptive) - These tools play a central role in scientific research (Rather or not there is a support for research) What is psychology? - Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. The discipline embraces all aspects of the human experience —from the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged. In every conceivable setting from scientific research centers to mental health care services, “the understanding of behavior”. Close Encounters with the Strange Are the claims reasonable? Possible criteria that you could use to evaluate the claims : logically possible, physically possible, and conclusively refuted * A claim’s truth is established by the amount of evidence in its favor, not by the lack of evidence against if (or for it). On evidence: “I saw it with my own eyes.” Is it “seeing is believing”, or “believing is seeing?” - Our beliefs do not always have a direct one-to-one correspondence with external reality. (ex. Perceptual construction<color constancies>, expectancies and beliefs <pareidolia>, selective attention <lunar effect, Forer effect>, self-fulfilling prophecies. Metaphysics: ontology (what is there?), Epistermology (how do we know?) * it is reasonable to accept personal experience as reliable evidence if there’s no reason to doubt it’s reliability. Forer effect (point effect): ignore the false-alarm only focusing on the correctness of the theory. Self-fulfilling prophecy : reason the research needs to be systematic. A scientific substantiates An expert claims it’s true -experts can be wrong (remember continental drift theory;how about phrenology) consensus, in the absence of compelling evidence, is never sufficient justification for believing in anything. -an expert is qualified in a particular filed. Be aware of
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mid 1 cheat sheet - What are statistics? - Tools for...

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