ISS 225 Exam 2 - ISS 225 Exam 2 • Civil Rights – equal...

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Unformatted text preview: ISS 225 Exam 2 • Civil Rights – equal treatment under the law provided by the 14 th amendment. • After the civil war republicans passed the 13 th and 14 th amendment, states cannot discriminate against individuals or groups. • Republicans = north states • Democrats = south states • 1 st civil rights act came in 1866; it gave African Americans equality before the law and gave the national gov’t enforcement power • 2 nd civil rights act in 1875; everyone can go to places of public amusement and public accommodation. • 1877 – a compromise where the Union troops left the south and the south agreed to accept national supremacy. Began legalized segregation in the South. • ***(1896) Plessy vs. Ferguson – the separate but equal doctrine. Legalized segregation the south. • Jim Crow laws or De Jure segregation in the South. • Voting I. Rights became curtailed A. Poll taxes (had to pay money to vote) B. Literacy test C. White Primaries – AA’s couldn’t vote in democratic primaries but could vote in republican ones. • Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) – overturned separate but equal doctrine. I. Brown I I (1955) – the desegregation of public schools must begin right now. I I. I t took until 1970 to get all schools to comply to abolishing the De Jure segregation. • “De facto” segregation – occurs b/c of past social and economic conditions and residential patterns. This remains today. • Busing and redrawing school district lines are examples of attempts to end both types of segregation. They are not favored by either race. • Civil Rights in the 1960’s I. Civil rights act of 1964 – forbade discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, gender, and national origin. (filibuster – unlimited talking by the Senate) I I. Overturned Jim Crow laws (Title I I) I I I.Federal gov’t could withhold funds from the states if the state discriminated (Title IV). IV. I t banned discrimination in employment (Title VII). This created the equal employment opportunity commission (EEOC). Title VII has also been extended to prohibit sexual harassment....
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course ISS 225 taught by Professor Williams during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.

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ISS 225 Exam 2 - ISS 225 Exam 2 • Civil Rights – equal...

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