ISS exam 4 - I. A. B. C. D. E. The Bureaucracy Rulemaking...

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I. The Bureaucracy A. Rulemaking 1. Rule – statement by a federal agency that interprets a law and prescribes an action to implement the law. Rules have to be implemented by a bureaucracy agency. Since laws are often vague, agencies have to specify “rules”. 2. Adjudication (negotiated rulemaking act of 1990) – authorized agencies to allow those affected by a rule to participate in the rule drafting process (i.e. GM and Ford are allowed to be involved in laws that are about the emission standards of all cars in the US.) 3. Enabling legislation – congress delegate power to implement legislation to agencies. When considering rule making one problem is that congress has delegated power to unelected officials to make laws. 4. When considering rule making one problem is that Congress has delegate power to unelected official to make laws. B. Should non-elected bureaucrats be making public policy? How do bureaucrats get their jobs? 1. The spoil system – the awarding of government jobs to political supporters and friends. Established by Andrew Jackson because he was a common person and the people around him were wealthy aristocrats. He in turn did not like their views and thus fired them all to replace with people he could relate to more. The situation of the spoil system continued for another 15 years after Jackson’s presidency (1828) and was compounded by the growth of the federal bureaucracy when James Garfield became president. This was mostly due to the fact that the bureaucratic jobs needed more specialized skills than before. 2. Because Garfield denied the spoil system, he was assassinated by a man named Charles Guiteau because Garfield denied him an office as a bureaucrat. 3. Civil Service Act (Pendleton Act) (1883) –created a promotion of gov’t employees on the basis of competitive exams 4. Merit system – the selection, retention, and promotion of gov’t employees on the basis of competitive exams (i.e. the LSAT for lawyers, etc.) 5. Civil Service Act of 1978 – abolished the civil service commission and created two new agencies to handle its duties a. OPM (Office of Personal Management) – recruits, interviews, and test potential government workers
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b. Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB) – evaluates charges of wrongdoing, hears employee appeals from agency decisions, and can order action against agencies and employees. This system usually makes it very hard to fire or get rid of a bureaucrat. C. How bureaucrats are paid (via General Schedule (GS)) - GS scale ranges from 1-15;
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course ISS 225 taught by Professor Williams during the Fall '07 term at Michigan State University.

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ISS exam 4 - I. A. B. C. D. E. The Bureaucracy Rulemaking...

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