RFID PPT.pptx - The Impact of Radio Frequency...

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The Impact of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology on Retail Supply Chain Performance PhD Completion Seminar Stephen Waters School of BIT and Logistics, RMIT University Supervisors Professor Shams Raman Dr Shahadat Khan
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1. Introduction and Background 2. The Australian Retail Industry 3. Literature Review 4. Problem Definition and Importance of Research 5. Conceptual Framework 6. Methodology 7. Results of PLS-SEM Analysis 8. Findings and Discussion 9. Limitations and Future Research Presentation Plan 2 The Impact of RFID on Retail SC Performance
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It all started in world war two! Radar and transponders to show friend or foe on aircraft History 3
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4
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History (Cont) 1 st Toll way was in USA in 1980’s 5
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6 RFID closed applications Photos courtesy of the National Library Board Singapore
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Automotive assembly line use of RFID to configure cars 7
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9
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Automatic identification (Auto-ID) technology designed to identify objects through the use of radio waves (Wyld, 2006) EPCGlobal Network, an infrastructure being developed to facilitate the tracking of products (EPCGlobal, 2007) How does it work? o RFID tag containing registered EPC number attached to the product o Product passes reader o Reader picks up radio signals and transfers information to ERP system o Valuable information then circulated to authorised supply chain members via the Internet (Wamba, et al., 2008) This research focuses on the EPCGlobal RFID model. Introduction and Background 10 The Impact of RFID on Retail SC Performance
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12 Alien Technology Tags
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13 RFID Readers
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14 RFID Antenna(s)
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RFID has a number of advantages over current barcode technologies: Does not need line of sight Operate in harsh conditions Holds more information (Asif and Mandviwalla, 2004) Transfer from barcodes to RFID technology dependents on relative advantages Barcodes are currently ubiquitous, cheaper, and more reliable (Smart, et al., 2010) RFID also has a number of challenges causing uncertainty about its capability. RFID Comparison with Barcode Technologies 15 The Impact of RFID on Retail SC Performance
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WalMart Complicated supply chain structure. Over 25000 product lines, thousands of local and international suppliers, delivering to several distribution centres in different geographic regions and subsequently distributed to 400 + stores, supermarkets and hypermarkets operating 24 hours 7 days a week. Retail Characteristics 16 For the fiscal year ending January 31, 2011, Wal- Mart reported a net income of $15.4 billion on $422 billion of revenue with a 24.7% gross profit
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The Australian retail sector is a significant contributor to the country’s economic output. Total turnover exceeded $270.9 billion in year ending April 2012 with food retailing accounting for 40.6 % (Table 1.) (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012) The Australian retail industry also provides 4.1% of GDP and employing 10.7 % of the total working population (Productivity Commission, 2011) Two of Australia’s key retailers, Woolworths and Coles, have substantial investments in Information Technologies. Woolworths reported spending $450
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