Unformatted text preview: Confounding effects - extraneous variables that have not been controlled for We learn: information about the world, how to move, connection between behavior and outcome, identify critical environmental signals (danger, food) Learning about environmental stimuli-formation of unconscious associations-reflexes associated with new stimuli-when to eat? when bell rings US - meat powder UR - salivation effect CS - bell, metronome, light (previously neutral) CR - salivation Survival Mechanism - Food - becoming nauseous in presence of toxins - salivation associated with smell of food in cafeteria Danger - Fear in place where predators are found - Flight response to noises in dark alley Automatic, Physiological Responses...
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- Spring '08
- Shakespeare, Causality, Correlation does not imply causation, Causal Conclusions Correlational Studies, variables Low correlation, variables Correlational data